After the war, many German military leaders were prosecuted in Nuremberg, Germany, for “war crimes” and “crimes against humanity” by an International Military Tribunal formed by France, Great Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union. Nazi defendants objected to being put on trial for simply following orders and the laws of their country. They also complained that defining crimes after the fact constituted improper “ex post facto” laws, which is specifically prohibited by the United States Constitution and the laws of many other nations. So, on what basis could the victor nations presume to convene these war crimes trials in Nuremberg?
Click here to read further ==> Nazis, Nuremberg and the law of God
C.S. Lewis on
==> The Natural Law <==
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Click Here for the Text to the Audio ==> The Law Of Human Nature.
I thought some of you might want to take a look at the appendix titled => Illustrations from the Tao which was taken from his book titled => The Abolition of Man and of which he also makes reference to in the You Tube hot linked above. As he states in his opening remarks to that appendix, “The following Illustrations of the Natural Law are collected from such sources as come readily to the hand of one who is not a professional historian.”
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The book from which these chapters were derived can be found on The C.S. Lewis Study Group’s ==>Mere Christianity page.
To Continue Lewis’ Discussion on This Matter
Click Here ==> Video Watch
You will find hot links for PDF text file downloads for each of the three chapters of C.S. Lewis’ book, Mere Christianity, the above being the first which is titled, The Natural Law of Nature, while the other hot linked text files can be found just beneath each You Tube hot link to chapters three and four from that same book which you will be able to access by clicking on the “Video Watch” hot link immediately above, where you will find the PDF hot links below the respective Doodle links [and if you’re not familiar with Doodle, just hang on, you’re in for a real treat], which can be used to access the text for those audio presentations as well. Of course, you can either scan along with the texts as they are read, or read them as an independent study.
Since our primary readings are taken from commentary on Aristotle, it should be noted from the outset that strictly speaking, Aristotle gave us what we have come to know as an ethics of virtue, or a virtue ethic. However, the central virtue of Aristotle’s ethics is to be found in his idea of Justice. His theory does have a place for Law but it is in a relatively small place, yet still central to his idea of Justice. Even though he is not generally considered a “natural law thinker,” the focus of our readings on the Primer are principally on his very strong sense of natural justice that is at the heart of Aristotle’s ethics of virtue, we focus on the idea of law, while accentuating the fact that there is something very right that stands before and over the codification of human law.
I have placed outlines on each page which will give you the main ideas found in each of the chapters in their full texted formats which have been inserted into the first hot links below each summary page set as default.
We suggest that you first: 1) study the outline which is the default text that appears on the page, then 2) do a full reading of the chapter which you can access by clicking the first hotlink you will find at the end of the summaries; these are PDF files that will open when you click on the links, however being PDF files you will need to back out of that page when you come to the end since hot links cannot be established within these kinds of documents, and then 3) study the chapter reviews that have been hot linked at the bottom of each page. These are the second from the bottom hot link on each page. The bottom hot link titled, “click here to go to the next chapter“, which will lead you though the chapters in chronological order when you click on them.
The chapter titles run: 1) Thinking About Ends and Means; Living and Living Well; Good, Better, Best; How to Pursue Happiness; Good Habits and Luck; What Others Have a Right to Expect from Us; and What We Have a Right to Expect from Others.
At the concluding chapter of our programed readings on the natural law which is the reading titled What We Have a Right to Expect From Others, you will find a YouTube and suggestion for those of you who would like a bit of a more extensive presentation of natural law thinking. I have placed ==> J. Budziszewski’s interview as he joins Andy Nash in an introductory conversation on classical natural law theory, and how an understanding of the Natural Law can lead to a more well ordered society. I have also placed a convenient schedule of the interviews’ content as a chart indicates specific points in time the topics fall under Budziszewski’s analysis.
The Natural Law and Sexual Morality page is a stand alone page which contains the way Natural Law stands in normative accord with our nature as human/sexual creatures. The issues involved in this discussion are of wider breadth than what our contemporary orientation to this topic might suggest, and since these presentations are not primarily concerned with sex per se, but rather with how that component of our being stands in relation to the whole of being, and as we find ourselves orientated as social creatures in the site of God.
The book from which these readings came, Aristotle for Everybody, was written by Dr. Mortimer J. Adler. For those of you who are interested you can learn more about this author by following either the previous two hot links above, the first to Wiki’s page detailing that book while the latter gives information on Dr. Adler himself. You may also follow this link to go to =>The C.S. Lewis Study Group’s <= & => How to Read a Book/How to Read the Bible for All It’s Worth page.
For those who of us who may be interested in obtaining your own copy of Adler’s book, here is an Amazon link that will take you to that title ==> Aristotle For Everybody. (FYI: When I posted this link you could obtain a used mass market paperback copy for 0.89 + S&H).
To Proceed to the First Chapter Click Here ==> Thinking About Ends & Means